Found growing in open woodlands, moist areas such as ditches, moist meadows. Can be a shrubby invader of eastern prairies around rivers and floodplains.
small, white, have a musk fragrance and occur in rather flat topped cymes
plentiful, small purple drupes, consumed by birds, used to make jams, jellies and wine
opposite, pinnately compound, green during the summer and a weak yellow fall color
long straight, hollow stems were used as arrows by native American's, warty lenticels
10-12 plus feet in height by equal spread, forms a medium to large rounded shrub, arches over when the branches are laden with fruit
Native to moist prairies, ditches and along rivers.
Sambucus is derived from the Greek word "sambuca" a string instrument was supposedly made from the wood of the elder. The brewed fruit was used as a laxative, headache medicine and salves of honey and elderberry were used on burns and minor skin problems.
Notes & Reference
#01-Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Michael Dirr) , #75-Encyclopedia of Nuts, Berries and Seeds (John Heinerman), #63-How to recognize Shrubs (Grimm)