An excellent, attractive ground cover for the shaded areas of the garden.
average, moist, needs to be watered during dry periods.
Soil & Site
moist, humus-rich, slightly acidic
small 1-2", reddish brown, found at the base of the leaf stalk, 3 sepals over lap forming a cup or tube-shape, the sepals are recurved at the top of the flower, hairy at the base, usually only one flower per plant, many times buried in the leaves attracting forest floor dwelling insects, seeking refuge in the flower, flowers mid to end of April.
leathery, glossy green, heart shaped to kidney shaped.
Gets to about 4-5" tall. It is a slow spreading plant.
Additions of organic matter is needed. Needs winter protection if not covered by snow.
division of the rhizomes in the early spring.
Notes & Reference
#68-Groundcovers for the Midwest (Voight, Hamilton,Giles)