Family: Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Pinus strobus

Common Name: White Pine, Eastern White Pine


White Pine (Pinus strobus) A very large growing conifer. Probably best used in parks and larger proprieties.

Plant TypeTrees Coniferous
Hardiness Zone3-8
SunlightGrows best in full sun but will tolerate some shade.
Moistureaverage to moist, not constantly dry
Soil & SiteGrows best in fertile, well drained acid soils. In more basic soils it may develop chlorosis, which I have seen many times in our neutral to basic soils of southeastern Wisconsin.
Fruitcones are 6-8" long by 1.25" thick and take two to three years to develop.
LeavesThe needles are: in groups of five, bluish green and last for 2-3 years. It is a very resinous tree.
StemsBark on young trees is smooth and becomes gray and furrowed with age.
DimensionsA fast growing tree reaching up to 80 feet tall in the landscape and even double that in natural sites. Young trees are pyramidal in shape but developed a distinctive layered look with age. I call this a pagoda style of growth. The tree has an over all soft look.
MaintenanceHaving used this pine a few times and seeing it being used many times and it has a has a bad habit. When planted in the landscape the plant will usually be full. As it adjusts to the new environment it will drop a good portion of its leaves. This creates a lot of anguish for the new owner.
Misc FactsWhite Pine not only was valued as a source of lumber but the trees made superb ship masts. AKA: , Weymouth Pine
Author's NotesOn the property my parents owned in northern Wisconsin (USA), there were many very large White Pine trees. Many of which I climbed and become covered with the plants pitch.
Notes & Reference#01-Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Michael Dirr) , #39-The Natural History of Trees (Donald Cultrose Pattie), #66-Trees of Eastern and North central USA and Canada (Harlow), #136-Gardening with Conifers (Adrian Bloom)
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