small 1-2", reddish brown, found at the base of the leaf stalk, 3 sepals over lap forming a cup or tube-shape, the sepals are recurved at the top of the flower, hairy at the base, usually only one flower per plant, many times buried in the leaves attracting forest floor dwelling insects, they seek refuge in the flower, flowers mid to end of April
almost triangular shaped leaves, 3-6" wide are deeply notched at the base, two leaves are found at the tip of the rhizome on short hairy petioles, soft and velvety due to the pubescence.
spreads by rhizomes which will form an entangled mat, crushed rhizome will smell like ginger
less than 6", spreads
Division of the rhizomes in the early spring.
A native wild flower with a range from SE Canada and eastern USA, west to Minnesota
This is not the same species as the tropical ginger that is used in cooking.
I have seen this plant many times growing in moist deciduous forests. Likes the spring sun and summer shade. In one nature conservancy the slight moist depressions are tightly packed with Canadian Ginger.
Notes & Reference
#13-Growing Woodland Plants, #41-Wildflowers of Wisconsin, #61-How to recognize Flowering Wild Plants, #68-Ground Covers for The Midwest