blue, one per scape (flower stalk), end of April through May in my gardens
green, heart shaped, rounded teeth, emerge directly from the plants rhizome
4 inches high, 6 inches or greater in spread
In one large woodland garden I maintained, this plant was aggressive, almost to the point of being weedy.
easy by division, seeds
Wisconsin's state flower as of 1909.
I have a patch of this plant growing in my lawn by my vegetable garden. I cut over the plants with the lawn mower blade set at higher than 3". I don't cut when they are blooming. They don't seem to mind this and come back each year.
Notes & Reference
#100-Wildflowers of Wisconsin and the Upper Midwest (Merel Black and Emmet Judziewicz), #153-Illinois Wild Flower (www.illinoiswildflowers.info), #218-Flora of Wisconsin (wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu)