Family: Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Pinus mugo

Common Name: Mugo Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine


Mugo Pine (Pinus mugo) is call a dwarf Pine. Dwarf is a relative term. Comparing this to a 60-70 foot pine, it is dwarf, but it can reach a height of over 15 feet by a spread equal or greater. To often the labels of these plants list them as 2-4 feet.

Plant TypeShrubs Coniferous, Site author's observations
Hardiness Zone2-7
Sunlightfull sun
Soil & Siteaverage
Flowersnot of ornamental value.
Leavesgreen, in groups of two, 1.5-3 inches long, rigid and twisted.
DimensionsSize is 15-20 feet tall by over 20 in spread. I have seen plants 8-10 feet tall by equal or greater spread. At a condo project I work at there is a large spreading plant that is 4-5 feet tall by 15 feet spread. Size is variable from plant to plant and seed source to seed source.
MaintenanceThe best way to keep this conifer to size is annual pruning. This is accomplished by pruning back the new growth called candles. Also can be pruned back one or two nodes each year.
PropagationThis plant is extremely variable in size because most are grown from seed.
Native SiteNative to mountains of central and southern Europe.
Cultivar Originintroduced in 1779
Misc FactsThere are dwarf cultivars such as "Gnom" and variety pumilio that are more compact and smaller than the species.
Author's NotesI have seen thes over 6-8 feet tall and spreading over 12 feet.
Notes & Reference#01-Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Michael Dirr), #38-Conifers for your Garden (Adrian Bloom)
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