Family: Rosaceae

Scientific Name: Amelanchier x grandiflora Apple Serviceberry

Common Name: Apple Serviceberry

DescriptionA small tree with white flowers appearing before the leaves, followed by edible fruit.
Pronunciation(am-e-LANG-key-er)
Plant TypeTrees Deciduous
Hardiness Zone4-9
Sunlightbest in mostly sunny to sites with some shade, will tolerate hot sunny areas
Moistureaverage to moist, tolerates dry once established
Soil & Sitemoist well drained soils
Flowerswhite, borne in pendulous racemes at the end of April before the leaves have appeared
Fruitedible fruit starts green, changes to red and than ripens to a purple color, botanically called a pome, birds love this fruit
Leavessimple, opposite, emerge as a grayish bronze color changing to green, excellent fall color, yellows, reds and oranges
Stemssmooth gray bark
Rootsfiborous
Dimensionscan reach 20-25 by 20-25 feet
Cultivar OriginA cross between A. Arborea x A. laevis.
Misc FactsThe species plant has a few nick names. Juneberry because the fruit ripens in June, Serviceberry because it bloomed during the spring funeral services, also resembles the English fruit tree (Sorbus domestica) called service tree and Shadblow because it bloomed when the Shad ran in the spring.
Author's NotesAs kids we picked the fruit from the Amelanchier growing wild in Wisconsin and they were all growing in open areas in the woods .
Notes & Reference#01-Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Michael Dirr), #39-The Natural History of Trees (Donald Cultrose Pattie)
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