prefers moist, well drained soils with abundant organic matter
shaped like small helmets or hoods with a beaked front, borne in dense panicles, blooms September and October
palmately veined,deeply divided to the center
2-3 to 4 feet tall in optimum conditions
Slow to recover from division so best left in place. May need staking. Remember to wash all equipment and hands after working with plant. Can be cut back to control height but this will mean loss of the larger terminal buds.
A very toxic plant ingestion of or even touching the sap can cause cardiac or respiratory failure The leaves and roots contain aconitin a narcotic alkaloid. Wash hands after handling this plant. Native to Europe.
Notes & Reference
#40-Manual of Herbaceous Plants (Steven Stills), #54-The Well Tended Garden (DiSabato-Aust), #79-Perennials For Every Purpose (Larry Hodgson)