A tough, durable tree not common in the landscape. Produces a "brain-like" fruit.
Soil & Site
dioecious (male and female flowers on separate trees
The female trees produce a grapefruit-like fruit. Fruit is a globose synocarp of drupes with a yellow-green rind.
simple, alternate, oblong to ovate, bright to dark green with a yellow to golden yellow fall foliage
Twigs are armed with stout, thorns at each leaf scar.
Forms a rounded irregular crown with drooping branches. Reaches 20-24 feet in height and spread.
softwood cuttings, seeds have a slight dormancy
The wood is tough, durable and rot resistant. Commonly used for fence posts. The name Bois d'arc, a French name referring to the Indians using the wood for making bows. Named after William Maclure (1763-1840) an American Geologist.
In November, traveling in Missouri with a group of students to a national Horticulture contest, one of the students asked "why are there grapefruits in the trees on the side of the road". We pulled the van over, ran out to the field and low and behold I was introduced to the Osage Orange. The leafless trees were loaded with the grapefruit-like, brain-like fruit.