Family: Fagaceae

Scientific Name: Quercus rubra

Common Name: Red Oak, Northern Red Oak


Red Oak (Quercus rubra) is a fast growing native Oak tree.

Plant TypeTrees Deciduous
Hardiness Zone3b-7
Moistureaverage to moist
Soil & Siteprefers moist, rich, well drained
Fruitsolitary or paired 3/4-1" acorns, described as a large nut with only the base being enclosed in the cup, "Has no cup, has a saucer" (Seton)
Leavesalternate, simple, 7-11 forked bristle tipped lobes, green above and pale green to grayish or whitish below. I have seen the fall color varying from a very nice red to orange to a dull brown. Holds onto its leaves late into the winter.
DimensionsA rounded crown, short massive trunk reaching 60-70 feet with a trunk diameter of 2-3 feet.
Propagationacorns (seeds) require a cold stratification of 41 degrees F for 30-45 days
Misc FactsA fast growing tree widely harvested for lumber.
Notes & Reference#01-Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Michael Dirr), #93-North American Landscape Trees (Arthur Lee Jacobson), #94-Trees of the Eastern and Central United States and Canada
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